The human body can have an adverse reaction when using Adderall (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) and caffeine, but potential interactions vary between individuals. In general, health experts recommend avoiding combining these two stimulants as the symptoms and side effects of Adderall may become more severe if a person is also consuming caffeine.
Each substance on its own can impact the heart. However, these substances can doubly affect this essential organ when combined, resulting in insomnia and increased heart rate and blood pressure. In extreme instances of abuse, overdose and life-threatening effects are also possible.
In general, taking two stimulant substances in conjunction is never entirely safe, even if this use includes a substance as relatively benign as caffeine.
Adderall is a prescription medication prescribed to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD).
When used as directed, Adderall treats symptoms related to this condition, such as inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity, forgetfulness, disorganization, and fidgeting. It also treats symptoms of narcolepsy.
The prescription stimulant itself comprises four amphetamine salts, which include amphetamine aspartate, dextroamphetamine saccharate, dextroamphetamine sulfate, and amphetamine sulfate.
Adderall stimulates the release of norepinephrine (adrenaline) and dopamine in the brain. Experts believe individuals diagnosed with ADD/ADHD have lower dopamine levels, the neurochemical responsible for feelings and pleasure, and reward. Adderall helps with this, thereby alleviating many of the issues that persons with one of this condition experience.
When Adderall is misused, those who report a euphoric rush. In fact, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) has classified Adderall as a Schedule II substance, along with prescription opioid medications such as hydrocodone and oxycodone.
According to the DEA, this designation indicates Adderall has “a high potential for abuse which, may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.” The non-medical or recreational use of Adderall has the ability to produce ruinous symptoms.
Even when used independently, Adderall is capable of generating the following effects:
- Weight loss
- Dry mouth
- Lessened sex drive
It can also produce severe and life-threatening physical and psychoemotional effects, including the following:
- Difficulty breathing or swallowing
- Abnormal excitement
- Verbal/motor tics
- Hives, rash, or itching
- Swelling of face or throat
- Tingling in hands or feet
- Blurred vision
- Weakness in arms or legs
- Rapid heartbeat
- Severe muscle stiffness
- Impaired coordination
- Nausea and vomiting
Caffeine’s Effect on the Body
Caffeine is a white substance naturally occurring in more than 60 plants, including coffee beans, tea leaves, and cacao pods used to produce chocolate. When caffeine enters the bloodstream, it stimulates the nervous system, causing consumers to feel awake and alert. Even moderate amounts of caffeine can cause individuals to have trouble falling and staying asleep.
It can also cause individuals to experience headaches, rapid heart rate, anxiety, dehydration. Excessive amounts of caffeine can lead to the following effects, which can be severe:
- Irregular heart rate
What Happens When You Use Adderall With Stimulants?
When a person ingests Adderall and caffeine together, the latter can intensify the adverse side effects of the former, which can include the following:
- Higher blood pressure
Combined use of these two substances can cause a person to develop a dependence on both, meaning they will continue to use Adderall and caffeine even if it negatively impacts their health and mental well-being.
When Adderall is abused with other stimulants, the harmful effects are further compounded and can result in overdose symptoms, including the following:
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Rapid breathing
- Anxiety and panic attacks
- Upset stomach and vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Muscle aches or weakness
- Uncontrollable shaking
- Dark urine
It is worth mentioning that high doses of stimulants, in general, can result in perilously high body temperature, irregular heartbeat, and heart failure.
Getting Treatment for Stimulant Abuse
Just Believe Detox and Just Believe Recovery centers specialize in addiction treatment related to stimulants, prescription drugs, and alcohol. Those struggling to quit abusing substances are urged to undergo a comprehensive rehab program as soon as possible. Therapeutic services and activities we offer include the following:
- Medical detox
- Partial hospitalization
- Residential treatment
- Behavioral therapy
- Relapse prevention
- Group support
- Individual counseling
- Family counseling
- Dual diagnosis
- Health and wellness education
- Substance abuse education
- Art and music therapy
- Aftercare planning
- Alumni events