Adderall (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine) is a powerful stimulant that is legally available by prescription only. As such, it works to boost activity in the CNS (central nervous system). It is commonly prescribed to manage the symptoms of ADD/ADHD and narcolepsy. Using Adderall or Adderall XR in any fashion other than directed by a physician is considered abuse, can be dangerous, and is more likely to lead to unwanted complications, including dependence and addiction.
What Is Adderall XR?
Adderall XR is prescribed as an extended-release tablet designed for oral consumption. When misused, however, it can be crushed into a powder, and the residual product snorted or inhaled into the nasal passage. This method will deliver the drug swiftly and intensely into an individual’s system and produces a massive release of the “feel-good” neurochemical dopamine that leads to excessive energy and feelings of euphoria. It is this mechanism of action that becomes the instigator for the drug’s intoxicating effects and addictive potential.
Snorting immediate-release Adderall is potentially dangerous in and of itself, but snorting Adderall XR may serve to increase the drug’s risks and adverse effects. Abusing any medication that has an extended-release formula, such as Adderall XR, undermines the way in which it is intended to be released in the body over time. Instead, the entire dose of the medication it sent into the bloodstream and brain all at once.
When this happens, the brain will be flooded by a massive amount of Adderall in its system and may not be able to break it down efficiently. Seizures, rapid heart rate, hypertension, fever, confusion, and even psychotic symptoms may be the results of an Adderall overdose. These issues can also lead to heart attack, stroke, and death without prompt medical intervention. Combining Adderall with other drugs or alcohol can increase these risks.
Snorting Adderall XR: Tolerance, Dependence, and Addiction
Adderall and Adderall XR both come with a high potential for dependence and addiction. Signs of Adderall addiction may include the following:
- Continued drug use despite incurring adverse consequences
- Loss of interest in activities once deemed important or enjoyable
- The abuse of Adderall in dangerous or improper situations
- Unwanted changes in other areas of life, such as school, work, relationships, finances, or legal status
- General discomfort and lethargy when not taking Adderall
When an individual misuses Adderall regularly, tolerance and dependence will inescapably begin to develop. Tolerance accumulates as the user’s brain loses sensitivity to the drug, and effects are diminished as a consequence. This development will force the person to use higher and higher amounts of Adderall if they are to experience the sought-after effects to which he or she has become accustomed.
Over time, the user’s brain and CNS become “hijacked” by Adderall, and much less able to function normally without exposure to the drug. As a result, attempts to reduce drug use or to quit altogether lead to very uncomfortable and sometimes painful physical and mental withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can last for several days after the person’s last dose, and their intensity is affected by factors related to frequency and duration of use.
Common symptoms of withdrawal associated with Adderall use may include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Extreme fatigue
- Insomnia and hypersomnia
- Intense and vivid dreams
- Memory impairments
- Drug cravings
Due to the accelerated delivery and absorption of a dose of Adderall administered intranasally, the risk of dependence and overdose may be significantly higher among those who regularly snort Adderall. This method of use can also lead to frequent infections and harm to the septum and surrounding nasal tissues.
Other possible side effects and risks of snorting Adderall include the following:
- Dry mouth
- Digestive issues
- Loss of appetite
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Rapid and irregular heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Sleep disturbances
- Extreme fatigue
- Decreased libido
Snorting Adderall XR and Overdose
Snorting Adderall, especially when used in combination with other drugs or alcohol, is very dangerous and can be life-threatening.
Symptoms of an Adderall overdose may include the following:
- Panic attacks
- Blurred vision
- Rapid breathing
- Shakiness or tremors
- Increased heart rate
- Upset stomach and diarrhea
- Muscle pains and weakness
- Fainting or unconsciousness
- Cardiac arrest and death
Getting Help for Adderall Abuse
People who misuse prescription amphetamines often falsely believe they are less risky than illicit drugs, such as methamphetamine and crack cocaine, and underestimate the danger of their addiction. Unfortunately, unwillingness to seek help can have long-lasting consequences on one’s life, and receiving professional treatment can be critical to maintaining long-term sobriety.
Just Believe Recovery offers patients detox services in a safe, structured environment, and we employ compassionate staff trained to identify and address each individual’s unique needs. Using an in-depth, customized approach to drug addiction and recovery, we ensure that each person we treat receives the education, tools, and support he or she needs to be successful at long-term sobriety.
If you or someone you know is abusing or dependent on Adderall, we urge you to seek treatment as soon as possible. Contact us today and learn about our wide variety of evidence-based treatment options and discover out how we can help!